Beyond the crossroads, the Royal Mile continues down the Canongate, meaning literally “the canons’ way” when it was used in former times by the Augustinian canons of Holyrood Abbey.

The street continues downhill past Moray House (now the main academic offices of the Edinburgh University), the old Canongate Tolbooth (now a museum of social history called The People’s Story), the Kirk of the Canongate and the new Scottish Parliament Building to Holyrood Palace and the ruined abbey

Until 1856 the Canongate was not merely a street, but the name of the surrounding burgh, separate from Edinburgh and outside the Flodden Wall.

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